The history of the spread of guinea fowl

According to some sources, guinea fowls have been kept in monasteries from the 13th century and as aviary bird in barons’ castles in the 16th century. Guinea fowl was also kept in peasant-farming economy at the end of the 19th century, but it only spread in the period between the two World Wars, mainly in the area of the Danube and the Tisza and in the circle of farming.

Hungary was in the forefront of guinea fowl breeding and production in the 1970s. The centre of breeding was the National Farm of Hortobágy, where 3 million fowl was bred annually. From the 1980s, the breeding of guinea fowl decreased to such a level that now, only the breeding flocks from gene banks remained in Hungary.

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